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Jo_sPersonalityinLittleWomen

Jo’sPersonalityinLittleWomen

崔颖慧

河北

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071000)

Abstract:LittleWomenwasafamilynovelwiththenatureofautobiography.TheauthorwasLouisaMayAlcott.Itisoneofthebestlovedbooksofalltime.Ithasbeentranslatedintodozensoflanguagesandsoldmillionsofcopiesthroughouttheworld.

BasedonLouiseMayAlcott'schildhood,thislivelyportraitofnineteenth-centuryfamilylifepossessesalastingvitalitythathasendearedittogenerationsofreadersportraitofnineteenth-centuryfamilylifepossessesalastingvitalitythathasendearedittogenerationsofreaders.Thenovelemphasizedtheirindividualityandthedignity.Butalsodisplayedtheirself-expressionrestraint.Atthesametime,independencewasthecommoncharacteristicofthesefourgirls.Theydidnotstopdiscoveringownshortcomingsandcorrectedthemdiligently.Thisisalsoworthyforeveryonetostudy.Keywords:Jo;equal;love;rights中图分类号:H319文献标识码:A文章编号:1672-1578(2010)05-0004-02

(中国地质大学长城学院外语系

1

Introduction

Joisthemaincharacterofthisnovelwhohasthesimilarcharacterasstraightforwardasboys.Joiseagertobeequalinsociety,thenshestickstowritinginordertogeteconomicindependentinreality,afterthemarriagewithprofessorBhaer,pursuesofequalofrightsandobligationwhichtakestheleadpositionfornewgenerationofwomen.Asawriterinnineteenthcentury,Alcotttellswomenoflatergenerations,alittlewomanshouldnothavethequalityofgentilesseanddiligence,“she”shouldalsohaverightsofequalinsocietyandrightsofworking,furthermoretherightsofpursuinglove.2ChapterOneJo'sCharacterSketch2.1Equalandlove

Joconstantlypursuesequalrightswiththemaininpointofmentalpowerinthe19thcenturysocietyinwhichonlythemalewasdominant,andthefemalesubjectedtothemale,politically,socially,andinthefamilycircle.Joisarepresentativeofnewwomenwithgreatvigorinmind.Shenotonlyenjoysequalitywithherhusbandinfamilyaffairsbutalsobecomesasuccessfulcareerwomanwithhertalentandgreateffort.

Joisaveryhappywomanthere,inspiteofhardwork,muchanxiety,andaperpetualracket.Sheenjoysitheartily,andfindtheapplauseofherboysmoresatisfyingthananypraiseoftheworlds,shetellsononestoriesexcepttoherflockofenthusiasticbelievesandadmirers.2.2Self-supportingandself-esteem

JoisunwillingtoplaytheroleofperfectVictorianwoman.Jo'srefusaltobeoneofthe"LittleWomen"isobviousfromthebeginningofthenovel;Shechafesagainstsocialandmoralrestrictions;Shehatesbeingpoor,asthenovel'sfamousfirstline"Christmaswon'tbeChristmaswithoutpresents!"2Shedarestonegategenderdifferencesthatthesocietyhasforceonlife.

Johasstronglikesanddislikes.Shesays,"Iamacrotchetyoldthing,andalwaysshallbe!"Shesaysit'seasierforhertoriskherlifeforapersonthantobepleasanttohimwhenshedoesn'tfeellikeit.3ChapterTwoJoandHerFamily3.1Jo'sanotherside-themanoffamily

Joistheonlyoneofthefourgirlswhobravesandchallengestheoppressiveandrestrictivetruewomanhood,shealoneexhibitsthespiritofindependenceandunconventionality.Dreamingofbeingaboy,sheridiculesanddiscardswhereverpossibletheetiquetteanddecorumrequiredof"truegirls".Sheevenbrushesawaytherespectabilityofamiddle-classgirlbyworkingasagovernessinNewYork.

"Notbeingagenius,likeKeats,itwon'tkillme...whenI'mready,I'llupagain..."Thoughnottheoldestdaughterofthefamily,Joputherselfinthepositionofthemanofthehouseinfather'sabsence.Jodevotesherliterarygiftstohelpingsupportherfamily.3.2Jowithhersisters

TotakeLittleWomenasasub-genreofdomesticfiction,itcannotbediscussedonlyaccordingtothegrowthanddevelopmentsofJoherself.AnyanalysisexcludingtheotherthreeLittleWomenwillbepartialandirresponsible.ThedepictionofMegandAmycertainlycanberegardedassupportingthepatriarchalexpectationsofyoungwomen.Anotheroftenneglectedfigure,Beth,offersstillmoretellingandthought-provokingevidenceforLittleWomen'seffectthatisnotaltogetherbeneficial,especiallywhenBethisdepictedasJo'sconscience.

LovelyMeg,talentedJo,frailBeth,spoiledAmy:thesearehardlessonsofpovertyandofgrowingupinNewEnglandduringtheCivilWar.Throughtheirdreams,plays,pranks,letters,illnesses,andcourtships,womenofallageshavebecomeapartofthisremarkablefamily.3.3Jo'sself-sacrifice

Sheisoftenself-sacrificing,andhasastrongmaternalconnectionoverhersisterBethwhosheadores.Afterreadingfather'swishforthegirlsinhisletters,Jotriedtoliveupwhattheirfatherhadexpectedhertodo.Shedetectedthatshewasnottheonlyonestrugglingwithoutburstsofanger.Muchtoheramazement,shefoundhermotheralsopossessedahiddentemper.ThisknowledgehelpedJobelievedshecould,witheffort,controlhers.Afterall,hergreatwishwastobecomeafamousromancewriter.Sheknewreachingthatgoalwouldrequirediscipline.Jo'sromanticnovelsweresoonpublished.4ChapterThreePursueofEquality—aSuccessfulWomanasMan

4.1Forcareer,Joisanexampleforwomen

InLittleWomen,Alcott'sheroinesvaryintalentandtemperament.Thetomboys,Jorealizedherroleasasuccessfulwriter.Sheexperiencesthehappinessofsuccesswhentwostoriesareacceptedforpublication.Fortobeindependentandearnthepraiseofshelovesarethedearestwishesofherheart,andthisseemstobethefirststeptowardtherealizationofthathappydream.Shesaysjoyfullyandfirmly,"...Ishallwritemore,I'msohappy,forintimeImaybeabletosupportmyselfandhelpthegirls."Joisasuccessfulcareerwoman.Shehasherindividualityandindependenteconomically.Sheisanexampleforallwomenofheragewhoaredominatedbymen.

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